Montreal Clinic (Villeray)

Montreal North Clinic

Gum Diseases: Gingivitis, Loosening and Treatments

Take Care of Your Gums!

Periodontal diseases develop slowly, and are often characterized by light bleeding.

Preventive measures such as meticulous brushing, regular scaling and daily flossing can help reduce the risk of gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is an infection of the gums that, if untreated, can lead to the teeth becoming loose and can accelerate loss of teeth.


It occurs when the gums are assaulted by infection or the presence of tartar, which are often related to insufficient oral hygiene. Gingivitis can also appear in cases of: pregnancy, smoking, a badly positioned tooth, a poorly treated cavity, etc.


Periodontal Disease (Loose Teeth)

Periodontal disease is characterized by an infection of the gum and bone that surrounds the teeth. This infection leads to a destruction of the periodontal tissues that support the tooth and eventually creates a periodontal pocket between the gum and the tooth. This pocket quickly becomes a cradle for a large quantity of bacteria and tartar, which aggravates the irritation of the gum, and prevents healing. At its most advanced stage, periodontal disease leads to the loss of teeth.

Treatments

Gingivitis is treated by:


  • Improving dental hygiene
  • Careful scaling at the dental center
  • The eventual use of mouthwashes

Treatments

There are two types of treatments for periodontal disease.


The first is done at home, at the initial stage and entails:


  • The use of specific materials that allows to deep clean teeth
  • An anti-infection treatment by prescription or the use of antibiotics


The second is done at the clinic, when the periodontal disease has reached a more advanced stage. It includes:


  • Root planning (or scaling) in order to disinfect and clean the areas located under the gums.
  • Surgical treatment such as bone grafts or gum grafts to repair damage.
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